Health

Karel | Nov 20, 2018
Hand Hygiene During The Covid-19 Epidemic
Nhlanhla Mnisi
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Apr 22, 2020

In an epidemic where so much remains unknown and where fear is widespread, it is important to enable all persons at risk to feel a sense of agency in relation to their own safety. Two elements are considered here: education about the importance of hand hygiene, and the provision of adequate quantities of usable water and sanitation to make thorough hand washing possible.

Mental Health II - National Health Insurance
Chris Pieters
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Apr 21, 2020

Part 2 will consider the content of the National Health Insurance Bill as well as possible implications that it may have on the state of mental health care.

Mental Health I - Legal and policy framework
Chris Pieters
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Apr 21, 2020

Part 1 explores the present legal instruments designed to ensure that all those who require it will have access to mental health care. The brief further considers the political will of creating suitable access for those most in need.

Asbestos Cement Waterpipes: A Health Hazard?
Nhlanhla Mnisi
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Jan 15, 2020

Studies have shown that asbestos poses health risks to humans beyond the inhalation of fibres. Evidence suggests that ingestion of asbestos fibres from contaminated drinking water supplied though aged asbestos cement pipes also poses health hazards. This review explores how continued use of deteriorating asbestos cement pipes in water reticulation networks poses risks to human health.

Emerging Contaminants - Crisis Or Manageable Risk?
Nhlanhla Mnisi
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Dec 02, 2019

At present the global scientific community is grappling with the question of whether emerging contaminants in water pose any substantial health risks to humans. While the serious empirical exploration is under way, misplaced media hype about them risks creating undue public panic. This brief explores current debates, risks and solutions for emerging contaminants in water bodies.

Sexual Assault - Part 3: Sexual violence as a Weapon of War
Lee-Anne Germanos
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Apr 18, 2019

A very popular, yet grossly under recognised, feature and weapon of war is sexual violence. Sexual violence, like artillery, is used to cause destruction through the terrorisation of a population or as an assertion of power by belligerent forces. Rape, when committed as part of a widespread attack, is also an effective tool for bringing about the destruction, in whole or in part, of a national, ethnical, racial or religious group – otherwise known as genocide.

Sexual Assault - Part 2: Sexual Harassment in the Workplace
Lee-Anne Germanos
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Apr 18, 2019

According to legislation, employers have a positive legal duty to ensure that the workplace is free from unfair discrimination. What the legislature and disciplinary bodies alike do not take into consideration are the delicacies of the power differentials between men and women (not only as between superiors and subordinates) in the workplace and the trauma suffered by the victims of sexual harassment. Until there is an understanding of these inherent power dynamics that exist in the workplace, sexual misconduct will continue to persist in that space.

Sexual Assault - Part 1: Sexual Offences in the Criminal Justice System
Lee-Anne Germanos
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Apr 18, 2019

Crimes of a sexual nature, the world over, are prosecuted distinct from any other form of crime. The burden of proof in sexual offence cases is more stringent (although it is not permitted to be). The tests and defences used are subjective as opposed to objective – as with all other crimes. Unlike other crimes, commissions of sexual offences, it can be argued, are skewed predominantly against women and children. They are also the only crimes in which the victim’s behaviour is the focal point, as opposed to that of the accused.

A commentary on the National Health Summit 2018 report
PJ Hamilton
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Mar 26, 2019

In October 2018, the inaugural Presidential Health Summit took place. The Summit sought to invite key stakeholders to deliberate on the issues causing our health system to fail. With the release of the Presidential Health Summit Report 2019, the drafters of the report came to a number of conclusions and recommendations which require comment.

NATIONAL HEALTH INSURANCE FUNDING HOW MUCH DO WE KNOW? II - PROJECTIONS
Charles Simkins
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Jul 10, 2017

This brief is the second of two. The first brief assesses the extent to which government thinking has progressed on the funding of the health system. This brief will consider the extent to which quantitative modelling can help us think about the system’s future.

UNIVERSAL HEALTH COVERAGE V – Conclusions
Charles Simkins
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May 12, 2016

Charles Simkins reviews the previous four briefs, pulling together themes and proposing how the government could affect genuinely meaningful change to South Africa's public health system.

UNIVERSAL HEALTH COVERAGE III – Two Tier: Israel and the Netherlands
Andrew Barlow
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May 11, 2016

The second brief in this series dealt with the insurance mandate systems used by Austria and Germany to finance UHC. This brief reviews the two tier systems of Israel and the Netherlands. Two-tier health care is so named because it involves a publically funded basic health package being provided, with a secondary private tier of additional – and often better quality – services available for those who can afford it.

UNIVERSAL HEALTH COVERAGE II – Mandated Insurance: Austria and Germany
Andrew Barlow
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May 10, 2016

The first brief in this series introduced the concept of Universal Health Coverage, as defined by the World Health Organisation. It looked at how the NHI White Paper released late last year conceives of UHC, and posited that this ambitious single payer system should not be rushed into before other financing systems are considered. This brief describes the UHC systems in Austria and Germany.

THE SCIENCE BEHIND MARIJUANA
Arvitha
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Mar 30, 2016

This Brief looks at the science behind marijuana and discusses that marijuana is not as bad as Governments want us to think.

SORTING OUT MEDICAL MALPRACTICE
Arvitha
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Mar 31, 2015

This brief reviews the Minister of Health's comments on the Medical Malpractice Issues in the Health Sector and responses to such comments

SELLING YOUR GAMETES – THE NEW BLACK MARKET?
Arvitha Doodnath
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Mar 04, 2015

A discussion of the international egg donation programmes which are exploiting South African women amongst other women for the selling of their eggs. The procedures of the egg extractions are also discussed.

Hunting for Healthcare: In pursuit of the NHI White Paper
Kate Francis
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May 23, 2013

This Brief reports on a recent seminar hosted by the Albertina Sisulu Executive Leadership Programme addressing the progress and challenges facing National Health Insurance. The Brief focuses on the NHI pilot districts, the concept of Universal Coverage, and raises questions about financing healthcare.

Medical schemes versus health insurance: What is the difference and why you should care
Kate Francis
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Apr 10, 2013

This brief aims to explain the key differences between medical schemes and health insurance and why demarcation between the two is important. Medical schemes, under the protection of the regulation of the Medical Schemes Act, have a large part to play in ensuring the right of access to healthcare. Similar protection is not afforded to other health insurance products. The right to healthcare may, therefore, be watered down if insurance companies, which are not governed by the Medical Schemes Act, are permitted to provide health insurance products similar to those provided by medical schemes.